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Research Papers

Conversion System for Grid-to-Vehicle and Vehicle-to-Grid Applications

[+] Author and Article Information
Diogo Marinho

ADEEEA,
Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa (ISEL),
Rua Conselheiro Emídio Navarro 1,
1959-007 Lisboa, Portugal
e-mail: diogomarinho20@gmail.com

Miguel Chaves

ADEEEA,
Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa (ISEL),
Rua Conselheiro Emídio Navarro 1,
1959-007 Lisboa, Portugal;
Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores,
Investigação e Desenvolvimento em Lisboa (INESC-ID),
R. Alves Redol 9,
Lisboa 1000-029, Portugal;
Centro de Electrotecnia e Electrónica Industrial (CEEI),
Rua Conselheiro Emídio Navarro 1,
1959-007 Lisboa, Portugal
e-mail: mchaves@deea.isel.ipl.pt

Paulo Gambôa

ADEEEA,
Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa (ISEL),
Rua Conselheiro Emídio Navarro 1,
1959-007 Lisboa, Portugal;
Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores,
Investigação e Desenvolvimento em Lisboa (INESC-ID),
R. Alves Redol 9,
Lisboa 1000-029, Portugal;
Centro de Electrotecnia e Electrónica Industrial (CEEI),
Rua Conselheiro Emídio Navarro 1,
1959-007 Lisboa, Portugal
e-mail: pjgamboa@deea.isel.ipl.pt

José Lopes

ADEEEA,
Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa (ISEL),
Rua Conselheiro Emídio Navarro 1,
1959-007 Lisboa, Portugal;
GIAAPP,
Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa,
Lisboa, Portugal;
Centro de Electrotecnia e Electrónica Industrial (CEEI),
Rua Conselheiro Emídio Navarro 1,
1959-007 Lisboa, Portugal
e-mail: jgabriel@deea.isel.ipl.pt

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received December 14, 2018; final manuscript received April 11, 2019; published online May 9, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Leela Mohana Reddy Arava.

J. Electrochem. En. Conv. Stor. 17(1), 011003 (May 09, 2019) (6 pages) Paper No: JEECS-18-1131; doi: 10.1115/1.4043538 History: Received December 14, 2018; Accepted April 12, 2019

The increasing use of electrical vehicles aroused the problem of batteries charging and the consequent interface with the power grid. Commercial charging solutions are mostly based on unidirectional power flow converters; however, bidirectional power flow converters are an interesting solution when considering smart microgrid applications, with benefits in efficient energy use. In this context, the paper presents a bidirectional power flow converter for grid-to-vehicle (G2V) or vehicle-to-grid (V2G) applications. The conversion system is based on a three-phase voltage source inverter (VSI), which assures the grid connection with a unitary power factor. The direct current (DC) bus of the voltage source inverter is connected to a DC/DC converter that controls the battery power flow. This conversion system can operate in G2V mode when charging the battery or in V2G mode when working as an energy storage system and the power flow is from the battery to the power grid. The conversion system model is presented as well as the control strategy proposed. Simulation and experimental results showing voltages and currents in the circuit are also presented.

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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Conversion system, G2V and V2G

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Fig. 2

Voltage source inverter and grid connection

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Fig. 3

DC/DC converter, adapted from Ref. [2]

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Fig. 4

Current control block diagram

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Fig. 5

Udc voltage control equivalent block diagram

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Fig. 6

Phase 1 voltage and current: (a) G2V mode P > 0, id = 10 A and (b) V2G mode P < 0, id = −10 A

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Fig. 7

Laboratory implementation diagram: (a) simulation and (b) experimental

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Fig. 8

Dynamic of the DC/DC converter: (a) simulation and (b) experimental

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Fig. 9

Dynamic step response in iq: (a) simulation and (b) experimental

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Fig. 10

Dynamic step response in id: (a) simulation and (b) experimental

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Fig. 11

Dynamic step response in iq: (a) simulation and (b) experimental

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Fig. 12

Dynamic step response in id: (a) simulation and (b) experimental

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