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RESEARCH PAPERS

SIMULINK -FEMLAB Integrated Dynamic Simulation Model for a PEM Fuel Cell System

[+] Author and Article Information
R. Radu

Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica, Università degli Studi di Trieste, Trieste, Italy

R. Taccani1

Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica, Università degli Studi di Trieste, Trieste, Italytaccani@units.it

1

Corresponding author.

J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol 3(4), 452-458 (Mar 15, 2006) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2349528 History: Received November 30, 2005; Revised March 15, 2006

The necessity for reliable simulation models, able to support the fuel cell systems development activity, has increased continuously during the last years. The present work proposes a model which integrates the finite element method in a dynamic simulation, in order to achieve higher accuracy and the possibility to investigate the influence of various parameters on the fuel cell dynamics. The model is implemented using MATLAB /SIMULINK and consists of two interacting main subsystems that calculates the fuel cell power response and the stack thermal behavior. The first simulates the mass transport and electrochemical phenomena using a model implemented in FEMLAB , and considers as input parameters the stack geometry, reactants pressure, flow rate and composition, and the stack average temperature. The last parameter is also evaluated by the second model, implemented also in FEMLAB , which considers the stack geometry, cooling air flow rate and ambient temperature. Both models were validated using the experimental data acquired on a Ballard Nexa 1.5kWe proton exchange membrane (PEM) system. The results prove that integrated model simulates with accuracy the dynamics of the proton exchange membrane fuel cell type (PEMFC) system and the interaction between the stack and the auxiliaries. The proposed model was used as a predictive tool for two situations. In the first simulation, with a relative fast dynamic, the model demonstrates that the cooling fan control strategy is essential for transient conditions characterized by a significant load decreasing. In the second, the model estimates the variation of the PEMFC main parameters on a 24h cycle, confirming its reliability.

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Copyright © 2006 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 1

Simulink block diagram of the integrated model

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Figure 2

Schematic of the FEMLAB electrochemical model computational domain with the related application modes

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Figure 3

Schematic of the FEMLAB thermal model computational domain (1=bipolar plate, 2=cooling air channel)

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Figure 4

Diagram of the experimental test bed

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Figure 5

Comparison between the experimental and simulated FC polarization curve (a); the interpolation curve for the measured stack temperatures at different loads (b)

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Figure 6

Validation of the integrated model transient response

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Figure 7

Simulation results for two load conditions: (a) square wave with 3V amplitude, (b) square wave with 9V amplitude; both waves have a period of 1200s and 50% duty cycle

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Figure 8

The simulation results for a 24h cycle

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