The technical papers, presented in three parallel sessions, opened the ground for discussing the progress of fuel cell research toward long awaited commercialization. Researchers, engineers, policy makers, and educators mainly from Europe, North and South America, Japan, Korea, India, and China actively participated in the technical sessions. All the studies presented are collected in the conference book of extended abstracts. However, some of them required a more accurate description, and a more rigorous peer-review process. Hence, the need for the present ASME Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology special issue. We believe that in this way EFC can better contribute to constructing a solid knowledge in fuel cell basic research and applications.