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Research Papers

Causal Fuel Cell System Model Suitable for Transportation Simulation Applications

[+] Author and Article Information
Loïc Boulon

FEMTO-ST/ENISYS, FCLAB, UMR CNRS 6174, University of Franche-Comté, 90010 Belfort Cedex, Franceloic.boulon@univ-fcomte.fr

Marie-Cécile Péra

FEMTO-ST/ENISYS, FCLAB, UMR CNRS 6174, University of Franche-Comté, 90010 Belfort Cedex, Francemarie-cecile.pera@univ-fcomte.fr

Philippe Delarue

L2EP Lille,  University of Lille 1 (USTL), 59655 Villeneuve d’Ascq Cedex, Francephilippe.delarue@univ-lille1.fr

Alain Bouscayrol

L2EP Lille,  University of Lille 1 (USTL), 59655 Villeneuve d’Ascq Cedex, Francealain.bouscayrol@univ-lille1.fr

Daniel Hissel

FEMTO-ST/ENISYS, FCLAB, UMR CNRS 6174, University of Franche-Comté, 90010 Belfort Cedex, Francedaniel.hissel@univ-fcomte.fr

J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol 7(1), 011010 (Nov 05, 2009) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3005388 History: Received June 15, 2007; Revised January 28, 2008; Published November 05, 2009; Online November 05, 2009

This paper presents a model of a whole polymer electrolyte fuel cell system including the stack, an air compressor, a cooling system, and a power converter. This model allows its integration in a complete hybrid electric vehicle simulation. The level of detail of the model is chosen to enable control rules design, ancillaries sizing, and study of the interaction between the components of the vehicle. This model is formalized with energetic macroscopic representation, thus organized in a unified multidomain graphical description. Experimental results are compared to simulations for validation of the model accuracy.

Copyright © 2010 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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References

Figures

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Figure 1

EMR of the thermodynamic potential

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Figure 2

EMR of the Nernst potential

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Figure 3

EMR of the cell potential

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Figure 4

EMR of the charge double layer

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Figure 5

EMR of the gas supply

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Figure 6

Overall EMR of the electrochemical part

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Figure 7

Operating principle of a vane supercharger (26)

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Figure 8

Rotation speed and mass flow responses of the compressor

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Figure 9

EMR of the compression head (CH)

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Figure 10

Synoptic of the motor and power supply of the compressor

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Figure 11

EMR of the motor and power supply of the compressor (CH: compression head; SE: electric source)

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Figure 12

EMR of the cooling circuit (FCS: fuel cell system)

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Figure 13

Synoptic of the considered power converter

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Figure 14

EMR of the power converter

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Figure 15

Overall EMR of the fuel cell power generation device

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Figure 16

Experimental and simulation fuel cell voltage when a 1Hz square current is applied

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Figure 17

Simulated partial pressure evolution

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Figure 18

Output pressure versus rotation speed with an open fluidic circuit

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Figure 19

Comparison between simulation and experimental results; mass flow versus rotation speed

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Figure 20

Comparison between simulation and experimental results; electric power versus rotation speed

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Figure 21

Experimental and simulation rotation speed with a speed step solicitation

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Figure 22

Experimental and simulation mass flow with a speed step solicitation

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