Lateral impedance and local characteristics of anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are studied in this paper. The testing device, which combines the original cell housing with a four-point probe equipment, is set for measuring SOFC single cell. The current collectors on anode and cathode in the original cell housing are, respectively, replaced by four independent probe units. They are not only to collect current, but also become measuring probes. Therefore, the lateral impedance of anode and cathode can be measured. Furthermore, the local characteristics are examined by open circuit voltage (OCV), I-V curve, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements. The results show that the lateral impedance is substantially varied with temperature, the OCV at the center of the cell are higher than the edge, the central location on cell have better performance and lower impedance than the marginal location.