Research Papers

Electrochemical Characterization of a High-Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Using Doped-Poly Benzimidazole as Solid Polymer Electrolyte

[+] Author and Article Information
S. A. Grigoriev

National Research University
“Moscow Power Engineering Institute”,
Krasnokazarmennaya Street, 14,
Moscow 111250, Russia
e-mail: sergey.grigoriev@outlook.com

N. V. Kuleshov

National Research University
“Moscow Power Engineering Institute”,
Krasnokazarmennaya Street, 14,
Moscow 111250, Russia

A. S. Grigoriev

National Research Center
“Kurchatov Institute”,
Kurchatov Square, 1,
Moscow 123182, Russia

P. Millet

Institut de Chimie Moléculaire et des Matériaux,
UMR CNRS No. 8182,
Université Paris Sud 11,
bât 410,
Orsay Cedex 91405, France

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FUEL CELL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received May 7, 2013; final manuscript received December 19, 2014; published online March 3, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Abel Hernandez-Guerrero.

J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol 12(3), 031004 (Jun 01, 2015) (4 pages) Paper No: FC-13-1045; doi: 10.1115/1.4029873 History: Received May 07, 2013; Revised December 19, 2014; Online March 03, 2015

A high-temperature proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell using H3PO4-doped poly benzimidazole (PBI) as solid polymer electrolyte has been developed and tested. The influences of operating temperature (between 130 and 170 °C), operating pressure (between 0 and 2 bar), and air flow rate on the performances of the fuel cell have been measured. A maximum power density of ca. 200 mW/cm2 has been measured. The existence of an optimum air flow rate (expressed in oxygen stoichiometric ratio) has been put into evidence. It allows an increase of the fuel cell voltage from 250 mV up to ca. 400 mV at 0.4 A/cm2.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Costamagna, P., and Srinivasan, S., 2001, “Quantum Jumps in the PEMFC Science and Technology From the 1960s to the Year 2000—Part II: Engineering, Technology Development and Application Aspects,” J. Power Sources, 102(1–2), pp. 253–269. [CrossRef]
Astanovsky, D. L., Astanovsky, L. Z., Raikov, B. S., and Korchaka, N. I., 1994, “Reactor for Steam Catalytic Hydrocarbon Conversion and Catalytic CO Conversion in Hydrogen Production,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 19(8), pp. 677–681. [CrossRef]
Song, C., 2002, “Fuel Processing for Low-Temperature and High-Temperature Fuel Cells—Challenges, and Opportunities for Sustainable Development in the 21st Century,” Catal. Today, 77(1–2), pp. 17–49. [CrossRef]
Grigoriev, S., Madier, L., Martemianov, S., and Drozdova, N., 2006, “On the Influence of Carbon Dioxide in Anode Fuel Composition on PEM Fuel Cell Performances,” 17th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering (CHISA 2006), Prague, Aug. 27–31, Vol. 1, pp. 244–245.
Kuleshov, V. N., and Grigoriev, S. A., 2008, “An Influence of Structure of a Catalytic Composition and Fuel on the Performances of Anode Process in Fuel Cells With Solid Polymer Electrolyte,” Electrochem. Power, 8(1), pp. 33–39 (in Russian).
Bellows, R. J., Marucchi-Soos, E. P., and Buckley, D. T., 1996, “Analysis of Reaction Kinetics for Carbon Monoxide and Carbon Dioxide on Polycrystalline Platinum Relative to Fuel Cell Operation,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 35(4), pp. 1235–1242. [CrossRef]
De Bruijn, F. A., Papageorgopoulos, D. C., Sitters, E. F., and Janssen, G. J. M., 2002, “The Influence of Carbon Dioxide on PEM Fuel Cell Anodes,” J. Power Sources, 110(1), pp. 117–124. [CrossRef]
Worner, A., Friedrich, C., and Tamme, R., 2003, “Development of Novel Ru-Based Catalyst System for the Selective Oxidation of CO in Hydrogen Rich Gas Mixtures,” Appl. Catal., A, 245(1), pp. 1–14. [CrossRef]
Decaux, C., Ngameni, R., Solas, D., Grigoriev, S., and Millet, P., 2010, “Time and Frequency Domain Analysis of Hydrogen Permeation Across PdCu Metallic Membranes for Hydrogen Purification,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 35(10), pp. 4883–4892. [CrossRef]
Lee, S. H., Han, J., and Lee, K.-Y., 2002, “Development of 10-kWe Preferential Oxidation System for Fuel Cell Vehicles,” J. Power Sources, 109(2), pp. 394–402. [CrossRef]
Costamagna, P., and Srinivasan, S., 2001, “Quantum Jumps in the PEMFC Science and Technology From the 1960s to the Year 2000—Part I: Fundamental Scientific Aspects,” J. Power Sources, 102(1–2), pp. 242–252. [CrossRef]
Carmo, M., Paganin, V. A., Rosolen, J. M., and Gonzalez, E. R., 2005, “Alternative Supports for the Preparation of Catalysts for Low-Temperature Fuel Cells: The Use of Carbon Nanotubes,” J. Power Sources, 142(1–2), pp. 169–176. [CrossRef]
Ralph, T. R., and Hogarth, M. P., 2002, “Catalysis for Low Temperature Fuel Cells. Part II: The Anode Challenges,” Platinum Met. Rev., 46(3), pp. 117–135.
Li, Q., Hjuler, H. A., and Bjerrum, N. J., 2001, “Phosphoric Acid Doped Polybenzimidazole Membranes: Physiochemical Characterization and Fuel Cell Applications,” J. Appl. Electrochem., 31(7), pp. 773–779. [CrossRef]
Korsgaard, A. R., Refshauge, R., Nielsen, M. P., Bang, M., and Kær, S. K., 2006, “Experimental Characterization and Modeling of Commercial Polybenzimidazole-Based MEA Performance,” J. Power Sources, 162(1), pp. 239–245. [CrossRef]
Kwon, K., Yoo, D. Y., and Park, J. O., 2008, “Experimental Factors That Influence Carbon Monoxide Tolerance of High-Temperature Membrane Fuel Cells,” J. Power Sources, 185(1), pp. 202–206. [CrossRef]
Osetrova, N. V., and Skundin, A. M., 2007, “Heat-Resistant Membranes for Fuel Cells,” Electrochem. Power, 7(1), pp. 3–16 (in Russian).
Collier, A., Wang, H., Zi Yuan, X., Zhang, J., and Wilkinson, D. P., 2006, “Degradation of Polymer Electrolyte Membranes,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 31(13), pp. 1838–1854. [CrossRef]
Smitha, B., Sridhar, S., and Khan, A. A., 2005, “Solid Polymer Electrolyte Membranes for Fuel Cell Applications: A Review,” J. Membr. Sci., 259(1–2), pp. 10–26. [CrossRef]
Savadogo, O., 2004, “Emerging Membranes for Electrochemical Systems—Part II: High Temperature Composite Membranes for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell (PEFC) Applications,” J. Power Sources, 127(1–2), pp. 135–161. [CrossRef]
Tarasevich, M. R., Modestov, A. D., and Emets, V. V., 2007, “Development and Optimization of MEA Based on PBI Membranes,” Int. Sci. J. Altern. Energy Ecol., 2(46), pp. 72–74.
Wang, J. J., Savinell, R. F., Wainright, J., Litt, M., and Yu, H., 1996, “A H2/O2 Fuel Cell Using Acid Doped Polybenzimidazole as Polymer Electrolyte,” Electrochim. Acta, 41(4), pp. 193–197. [CrossRef]
Tarasevich, M. R., Karichev, Z. R., Bogdanovskaya, V. A., Kuznetsova, L. N., Efremov, B. N., and Kapustin, A. V., 2004, “Electroconductance and Penetrability of Polybenzimidazole Membranes in Alkaline Solutions,” Russ. J. Electrochem., 40(6), pp. 653–656. [CrossRef]
Leykin, A. Y., Askadskii, A. A., Vasilev, V. G., and Rusanov, A. L., 2010, “Dependence of Some Properties of Phosphoric Acid Doped PBIs on Their Chemical Structure,” J. Membr. Sci., 347(1–2), pp. 69–74. [CrossRef]
Fedotov, A. A., Grigoriev, S. A., Lyutikova, E. K., Millet, P., and Fateev, V. N., 2013, “Characterization of Carbon-Supported Platinum Nano-Particles Synthesized Using Magnetron Sputtering for Application in PEM Electrochemical Systems,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 38(1), pp. 426–430. [CrossRef]
Siegel, J. B., Bohac, S. V., Stefanopoulou, A. G., and Yesilyurt, S., 2010, “Nitrogen Front Evolution in Purged Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell With Dead-Ended Anode,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 157(7), pp. B1081–B1093. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Chemical structure of PBI chain used in this study

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the high-temperature fuel cell. 1: titanium cell holder; 2: fittings for reactant/product supply/removal; 3: fittings for heating/cooling; 4: sealants; 5: graphite-based flow field plates; 6: PBI membrane; 7: gas diffusion electrodes with electrocatalytic layers.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Dependence of current–voltage curve upon the cell temperature at H2–O2 operation mode after 300 hr of cell operation. Stoichiometric ratio: hydrogen 1.5 and oxygen 2.5. Atmospheric pressure of gases.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Dependence of current voltage curve upon the reactant's pressure at H2–air operation mode after 300 hr of cell operation. Stoichiometric ratio: hydrogen 1.5 and oxygen 2.5. Temperature 160 °C.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Dependence of fuel cell voltage upon oxygen stoichiometric ratio at current density 0.4 A/cm2 and H2/air operation mode. Temperature 160 °C. Atmospheric pressure of gases. Stoichiometric ratio of hydrogen 1.5.




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In