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Review Article

A Review on Graphical Methods for Modeling a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

[+] Author and Article Information
Mathieu Bressel

FCLAB, FR CNRS 3539,
CRIStAL, UMR CNRS 9189,
Avenue Paul Langevin,
Villeneuve d ́Ascq 59655, France
e-mail: Mathieu.Bressel@polytech-lille.fr

Belkacem Ould Bouamama

CRIStAL, UMR CNRS 9189,
Avenue Paul Langevin,
Villeneuve d ́Ascq 59655, France
e-mail: Belkacem.Ouldbouamama@polytech-lille.fr

Daniel Hissel

FEMTO-ST, UMR CNRS 6174,
FCLAB, FR CNRS 3539,
Rue Thierry Mieg,
Belfort 90000, France
e-mail: Daniel.Hissel@univ-fcomte.fr

Mickael Hilairet

FEMTO-ST, UMR CNRS 6174,
FCLAB, FR CNRS 3539,
Rue Thierry Mieg,
Belfort 90000, France
e-mail: Mickael.Hilairet@univ-fcomte.fr

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FUEL CELL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received September 17, 2014; final manuscript received November 30, 2015; published online January 20, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Rak-Hyun Song.

J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol 12(6), 060801 (Jan 20, 2016) (19 pages) Paper No: FC-14-1108; doi: 10.1115/1.4032336 History: Received September 17, 2014; Revised November 30, 2015

Fuel cell systems represent a promising alternative energy converter. In the past years, researches have been conducted for their modeling, control, and diagnosis. The model should accurately reproduce the behavior without being too complex. Due to the highly multiphysical interactions and coupling within the fuel cell, using a graphical representation for developing this model seems well suited. This paper presents a review of recent literature on graphical representation of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). Three main graphical representations are discussed: bond graph (BG), EMR, and equivalent electrical circuit. Their fields of application will be shown as well.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
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References

Figures

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Fig. 4

Principle of operation of a PEM

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Fig. 3

A source of effort (battery) in EMR

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Fig. 2

Static and dynamic processors and their associated control [23]

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Fig. 1

BG representation (a) and causality (b)

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Fig. 5

BG of a PEMFC stack [31]

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Fig. 6

BG of the hydraulic part of a PEMFC [32]

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Fig. 9

BG of PEMFC with a discrete GDL [35]

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Fig. 10

BG of PEMFC stack [36]

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Fig. 11

BG model of the hydraulic phenomenon in an electrode [37]

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Fig. 21

Large signal EEC of a PEMFC [51]

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Fig. 14

Dynamic model of a PEMFC in COG formalism [43]

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Fig. 12

BG model of a PEMFC stack [41]

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Fig. 13

BG model of a single cell [42]

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Fig. 15

EMR of a PEMFC and its associated air supply [44]

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Fig. 17

EMR of a PEMFC and its auxiliaries [45]

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Fig. 18

EMR of a hybrid electric vehicle [46]

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Fig. 19

EEC of a PEMFC and its EMR equivalent [49]

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Fig. 22

EEC of a PEMFC: (a) fuel and (b) air humidifiers circuit [52]

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Fig. 23

Large signal EEC model of a PEMFC [53]

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Fig. 27

EEC of a PEMFC for CO poisoning diagnosis purpose [57]

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Fig. 28

EEC of a PEMFC for fault diagnosis purpose [27]

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Fig. 24

pspice scheme of a PEMFC [54]

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Fig. 25

EEC of the pneumatics and fluidics phenomenon in a PEMFC [55]

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