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Technology Review

Depositing Catalyst Layers in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells: A Review

[+] Author and Article Information
Austin Strong

Richard Lugar Center for Renewable Energy,
IUPUI,
799 W. Michigan Street,
Indianapolis, IN 46202-5160
e-mail: austrong@iupui.edu

Courtney Thornberry

WMG,
High Value Manufacturing Catapult,
University of Warwick,
Coventry CV4 8AL, UK
e-mail: C.Thornberry@warwick.ac.uk

Shane Beattie

WMG,
High Value Manufacturing Catapult,
University of Warwick,
Coventry CV4 8AL, UK
e-mail: S.D.Beattie@warwick.ac.uk

Rongrong Chen

Richard Lugar Center for Renewable Energy,
IUPUI,
799 W. Michigan Street,
Indianapolis, IN 46202-5160
e-mail: rochen@iupui.edu

Stuart R. Coles

WMG,
High Value Manufacturing Catapult,
University of Warwick,
Coventry CV4 8AL, UK
e-mail: Stuart.Coles@warwick.ac.uk

Manuscript received June 2, 2015; final manuscript received October 13, 2015; published online December 4, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Shripad T. Revankar.

J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol 12(6), 064001 (Dec 04, 2015) (11 pages) Paper No: FC-15-1033; doi: 10.1115/1.4031961 History: Received June 02, 2015; Revised October 13, 2015

Fuel cell technology continues to advance and offers to be a potentially promising solution to many energy needs. Of particular interest are manufacturing techniques to improve performance and decrease overall cost. For catalyst deposition on the membrane electrode assembly (MEA), there are a number of techniques that have been used in the past decades. This paper aims to review many of these main techniques that have been published to show the wide variety of catalyst deposition methods.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic of electrode preparation processes for both (a) the conventional method and (b) the decal transfer method [23]

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Fig. 2

The dry production technique for PEMFC and DMFC MEAs [27]

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Fig. 4

MEA fabrication technique utilizing slot die coating [37]

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Fig. 3

A visual comparison of the three main electrode manufacturing methods [36]

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Fig. 8

Schematic of electrospinning process that produces polymer nanofibers [98]

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Fig. 5

Schematic of electrophoresis deposition process for preparation of MEA [84]

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Fig. 6

Schematic illustration of triple-phase boundary [86]

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Fig. 7

Schematic of electrospray deposition of Pt/C suspensions (top) and diagram of the electrospray process from needle to substrate space (bottom) [92]

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