0
Research Papers

Electrochemical Property Assessment of Pr2CuO4 Submicrofiber Cathode for Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

[+] Author and Article Information
Ting Zhao

Key Laboratory of Functional Inorganic Material Chemistry,
Ministry of Education,
School of Chemistry and Materials Science,
Heilongjiang University,
Harbin 150080, China
e-mail: 2959696606@qq.com

Li-Ping Sun

Key Laboratory of Functional Inorganic Material Chemistry,
Ministry of Education,
School of Chemistry and Materials Science,
Heilongjiang University,
Harbin 150080, China
e-mail: lipingsun98@yahoo.com

Qiang Li

Key Laboratory of Functional Inorganic Material Chemistry,
Ministry of Education,
School of Chemistry and Materials Science,
Heilongjiang University,
Harbin 150080, China
e-mail: lq1211@sina.com

Li-Hua Huo

Key Laboratory of Functional Inorganic Material Chemistry,
Ministry of Education,
School of Chemistry and Materials Science,
Heilongjiang University,
Harbin 150080, China
e-mail: lhhuo68@yahoo.com

Hui Zhao

Key Laboratory of Functional Inorganic Material Chemistry,
Ministry of Education,
School of Chemistry and Materials Science,
Heilongjiang University,
Harbin 150080, China
e-mail: zhaohui98@yahoo.com

Jean-Marc Bassat

CNRS,
Université de Bordeaux,
ICMCB,
87 Avenue du Dr. A. Schweitzer,
F-33608 Pessac-Cedex, France
e-mail: bassat@icmcb-bordeaux.cnrs.fr

Aline Rougier

CNRS,
Université de Bordeaux,
ICMCB,
87 Avenue du Dr. A. Schweitzer,
F-33608 Pessac-Cedex, France
e-mail: rougier@icmcb-bordeaux.cnrs.fr

Sébastien Fourcade

CNRS,
Université de Bordeaux,
ICMCB,
87 Avenue du Dr. A. Schweitzer,
F-33608 Pessac-Cedex, France
e-mail: fourcade@icmcb-bordeaux.cnrs.fr

Jean-Claude Grenier

CNRS,
Université de Bordeaux,
ICMCB,
87 Avenue du Dr. A. Schweitzer,
F-33608 Pessac-Cedex, France
e-mail: grenier@icmcb-bordeaux.cnrs.fr

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received February 15, 2016; final manuscript received April 26, 2016; published online May 17, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Kevin Huang.

J. Electrochem. En. Conv. Stor. 13(1), 011006 (May 17, 2016) (7 pages) Paper No: JEECS-16-1022; doi: 10.1115/1.4033526 History: Received February 15, 2016; Revised April 26, 2016

The Pr2CuO4 (PCO) submicrofiber precursors are prepared by electrospinning technique and the thermo-decomposition procedures are characterized by thermal gravity (TG), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectoscopy (FT-IR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), respectively. The fibrous PCO material was formed by sintering the precursors at 900 °C for 5 hrs. The highly porous PCO submicrofiber cathode forms good contact with the Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (CGO) electrolyte after heat-treated at 900 °C for 2 hrs. The performance of PCO submicrofiber cathode is comparably studied with the powder counterpart at various temperatures. The porous microstructure of the submicrofiber cathode effectively increases the three-phase boundary (TPB), which promotes the surface oxygen diffusion and/or adsorption process on the cathode. The PCO submicrofiber cathode exhibits an area specific resistance (ASR) of 0.38 Ω cm2 at 700 °C in air, which is 30% less than the PCO powder cathode. The charge transfer process is the rate limiting step of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) on the submicrofiber cathode. The maximum power densities of the electrolyte-support single cell PCO|CGO|NiO-CGO reach 149 and 74.5 mW cm−2 at 800 and 700 °C, respectively. The preliminary results indicate that the PCO submicrofiber can be considered as potential cathode for intermediate temperature solid fuel cells (IT-SOFCs).

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Adler, S. B. , 2004, “ Factors Governing Oxygen Reduction in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes,” Chem. Rev., 104(10), pp. 4791–4843. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Pang, S. , Jiang, X. , Li, X. , Wang, Q. , and Su, Z. , 2012, “ Characterization of Ba-Deficient PrBa5+δ as Cathode Material for Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” J. Power Sources, 204, pp. 53–59. [CrossRef]
Pelosato, R. , Cordaro, G. , Stucchi, D. , Cristiani, C. , and Dotelli, G. C. , 2015, “ Cobalt-Based Layered Perovskites as Cathode Material for Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: A Brief Review,” J. Power Sources, 298, pp. 46–67. [CrossRef]
Meng, F. , Xia, T. , Wang, J. , Shi, Z. , Lian, J. , Zhao, H. , Bassat, J. , and Grenier, J. , 2014, “ Evaluation of Layered Perovskites YBa1xSrxCo2O5+δ as Cathodes for Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 39(9), pp. 4531–4543. [CrossRef]
Jiang, X. , Shi, Y. , Zhou, W. , Li, X. , Su, Z. , Pang, S. , and Jiang, L. , 2014, “ Effects of Pr3+-Deficiency on Structure and Properties of PrBaCo2O5+δ Cathode Material: A Comparison With Ba2+-Deficiency Case,” J. Power Sources, 272, pp. 371–377. [CrossRef]
Zhou, Q. , Wei, T. , Li, Z. , An, D. , Tong, X. , Ji, Z. , Wang, W. , Lu, H. , Sun, L. , Zhang, Z. , and Xu, K. , 2015, “ Synthesis and Characterization of BaBi0.05Co0.8Nb0.15O3+δ as a Potential IT-SOFCs Cathode Material,” J. Alloy. Compd., 627, pp. 320–323. [CrossRef]
Hosoi, K. , Sakai, T. , Idaa, S. , and Ishihara, T. , 2015, “ Oxygen Nonstoichiometry and Cathodic Property of Ce0.6Mn0.3Fe0.1O2-δ for High Temperature Steam Electrolysis Cell Using LaGaO3-Based Oxide Electrolyte,” ECS Trans., 68(1), pp. 3315–3322. [CrossRef]
Huang, X. , Shin, T. H. , Zhou, J. , and Irvine, J. T. S. , 2015, “ Hierarchically Nanoporous La1.7Ca0.3CuO4-δ and La1.7Ca0.3NixCu1-xO4-δ (0.25 ≤ x ≤ 0.75) as Potential Cathode Materials for IT-SOFCs,” J. Mater. Chem. A, 3(25), pp. 13468–13475. [CrossRef]
Cascos, V. , Martínez-Coronado, R. , and Alonso, J. A. , 2015, “ Structural and Electrical Characterization of the Co-Doped Ca2Fe2O5 Brown Millerite: Evaluation as SOFC-Cathode Materials,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 40(15), pp. 5456–5468. [CrossRef]
Liu, F. , Dang, J. , Hou, J. , Qian, J. , Zhu, Z. , Wang, Z. , and Liu, W. , 2015, “ Study on New BaCe0.7In0.3O2-δ–Gd0.1Ce0.9O2-δ Composite Electrolytes for Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” J. Alloy. Compd., 639, pp. 252–258. [CrossRef]
Liu, W. , Lipner, J. , Moran, C. H. , Feng, L. , Li, X. , Thomopoulos, S. , and Xia, Y. , 2015, “ Generation of Electrospun Nanofibers With Controllable Degrees of Crimping Through a Simple, Plasticizer-Based Treatment,” Adv. Mater., 27(16), pp. 2583–2588. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Li, X. , Xu, J. , Mei, L. , Zhang, Z. , Cui, C. , Liu, H. , Ma, J. , and Dou, S. , 2015, “ Electrospinning of Crystalline MoO3@C Nanofibers for High-Rate Lithium Storage,” J. Mater. Chem. A, 3(7), pp. 3257–3260. [CrossRef]
Jang, B. O. , Park, S. H. , and Lee, W. J. , 2013, “ Electrospun Co–Sn Alloy/Carbon Nanofibers Composite Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries,” J. Alloy. Compd., 574, pp. 325–330. [CrossRef]
Ozel, F. , Kus, M. , Yar, A. , Arkan, E. , Yigit, M. Z. , Aljabour, A. , Büyükcelebi, S. , Tozlu, C. , and Ersoz, M. , 2015, “ Electrospinning of Cu2ZnSnSe4-xSx Nanofibers by Using PAN as Template,” Mater. Lett., 140, pp. 23–26. [CrossRef]
Li, Z. , Zhang, J. , and Lou, X. W. , 2015, “ Hollow Carbon Nanofibers Filled With MnO2 Nanosheets as Efficient Sulfur Hosts for Lithium–Sulfur Batteries,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 54(44), pp. 12886–12890. [CrossRef]
Mondal, S. , Rana, U. , and Malik, S. , 2015, “ Graphene Quantum Dots Doped Polyaniline Nanofiber as High Performance Supercapacitor Electrode Materials,” Chem. Commun., 51(62), pp. 12365–12368. [CrossRef]
Song, M. J. , Kim, I. T. , Kim, Y. B. , and Shin, M. W. , 2015, “ Self-Standing, Binder-Free Electrospun Co3O4/Carbon Nanofiber Composites for Non-Aqueous Li-Air Batteries,” Electrochim. Acta, 182, pp. 289–296. [CrossRef]
Saeed, K. , and Park, S. , 2010, “ Preparation and Characterization of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes/Polyacrylonitrile Nanofibers,” J. Polym. Res., 17(4), pp. 535–540. [CrossRef]
Zhi, M. , Lee, S. , Miller, N. , Menzlerd, N. H. , and Wu, N. , 2012, “ An Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell With Electrospun Nanofiber Cathode,” Energy Environ. Sci., 5(5), pp. 7066–7071. [CrossRef]
Enrico, A. , Aliakbarian, B. , Perego, P. , and Costamagna, P. , 2015, “ Micro-Modelling of IT-SOFC Electrodes Manufactured Through Electrospinning,” ECS Trans., 68(1), pp. 857–865. [CrossRef]
Li, Q. , Sun, L. , Zhao, H. , Wang, H. , Huo, L. , Rougier, A. , Fourcade, S. J. , and Grenier, C. , 2014, “ La1.6Sr0.4NiO4 One-Dimensional Nanofibers as Cathode for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” J. Power Sources, 263, pp. 125–129. [CrossRef]
Sun, L. P. , Li, Q. , Zhao, H. , Hao, J. H. , Huo, L. H. , Pang, G. , Shi, Z. , and Feng, S. , 2012, “ Electrochemical Performance of Nd1.93Sr0.07CuO4 Nanofiber as Cathode Material for SOFC,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 37(16), pp. 11955–11962. [CrossRef]
Kaluzhskikh, M. S. , Kazakov, S. M. , Mazo, G. N. , Istomin, S. Y. , Antipov, E. V. , Gippius, A. A. , Fedotov, Y. , Bredikhin, S. I. , Liu, Y. , Svensson, G. , and Shen, Z. , 2011, “ High-Temperature Crystal Structure and Transport Properties of the Layered Cuprates Ln2CuO4, Ln = Pr, Nd and Sm,” J. Solid State Chem., 184(3), pp. 698–704. [CrossRef]
Lyskov, N. V. , Kolchina, L. M. , Galin, M. Z. , and Mazo, G. N. , 2015, “ Optimization of Composite Cathode Based on Praseodymium Cuprate for Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” J. Electrochem., 51(5), pp. 520–528.
Sun, C. , Li, Q. , Sun, L. , Zhao, H. , and Huo, L. , 2014, “ Characterization and Electrochemical Performances of Pr2CuO4 as a Cathode Material for Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” Mater. Res. Bull., 53, pp. 65–69. [CrossRef]
Kolchina, L. M. , Lyskov, N. V. , Petukhov, D. I. , and Mazo, G. N. , 2014, “ Electrochemical Characterization of Pr2CuO4–Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 Composite Cathodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” J. Alloy. Compd., 605, pp. 84–95. [CrossRef]
Lyskov, N. V. , Kaluzhskikh, M. S. , Leonova, L. S. , Mazo, G. N. , Istomin, S. Y. , and Antipov, E. V. , 2012, “ Electrochemical Characterization of Pr2CuO4 Cathode for IT-SOFC,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 37(23), pp. 18357–18364. [CrossRef]
Chiu, T. W. , Wang, W. R. , and Wu, J. S. , “ Synthesis of Pr2CuO4 Powders by Using a Glycine–Nitrate Combustion Method for Cathode Application in Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” Ceram. Int., 41(S1), pp. S675–S679.
Zheng, K. G. , Agnieszka, S. , and Konrad, S. , 2012, “ Evaluation of Ln2CuO4 (Ln: La, Pr, Nd) Oxides as Cathode Materials for IT-SOFCs,” Mater. Res. Bull., 47(12), pp. 4089–4095. [CrossRef]
Singh, K. K. , Ganguly, P. , and Goodenough, J. B. , 1984, “ Unusual Effects of Anisotropic Bonding in Cu (II) and Ni (II) Oxides With K2NiF4 Structure,” J. Solid State Chem., 52(3), pp. 254–273. [CrossRef]
Fukunaga, H. , Koyama, M. , Takahashi, N. , Wen, C. , and Yamada, K. , 2000, “ Reaction Model of Dense Sm0.5Sr0.5CoO3 as SOFC Cathode,” Solid State Ionics, 132(3–4), pp. 279–285. [CrossRef]
Souza, R. A. , and Kilner, J. A. , 1998, “ Oxygen Transport in La1−xSrxMn1−yCoyO3±δ Perovskites Part I. Oxygen Tracer Diffusion,” Solid State Ionics, 106(3–4), pp. 175–187. [CrossRef]
Souza, R. A. , and Kilner, J. A. , 1999, “ Oxygen Transport in La1−xSrxMn1−yCoyO3±δ Perovskites Part II. Oxygen Tracer Diffusion,” Solid State Ionics, 126(1), pp. 153–161. [CrossRef]
Sun, L. P. , Zhao, H. , Wang, W. X. , Li, Q. , and Huo, L. H. , 2014, “ Electrochemical Performance of La2CuO4 Nanotube Materials Prepared Via Electrospinning Method,” Chin. J. Inorg. Chem., 30(4), pp. 757–762.
Sun, L. P. , Li, Q. , Zhao, H. , Wang, H. L. , and Huo, L. H. , 2014, “ Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of La1.6Sr0.4NiO4-Ag Hollow Nanofibers,” Chin. J. Inorg. Chem., 30(5), pp. 1045–1050.
Pinedo, R. , Ruiz de Larramendi, I. , Jimenez de Aberasturi, D. , and Gil de Muro, I. , 2011, “ Synthesis of Highly Ordered Three-Dimensional Nanostructures and the Influence of the Temperature on Their Application as Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Cathodes,” J. Power Sources, 196(9), pp. 4174–4180. [CrossRef]
Zhi, M. J. , and Mariani, N. , 2011, “ Nanofiber Scaffold for Cathode of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell,” Energy Environ Sci., 4(2), pp. 417–420. [CrossRef]
Hsieh, Y. D. , Chan, Y. H. , and Shy, S. S. , 2015, “ Effects of Pressurization and Temperature on Power Generating Characteristics and Impedances of Anode-Supported and Electrolyte Supported Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” J. Power Sources, 299, pp. 1–10. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

TG-DTG curve of PVP/Pr (NO3)3/Cu (NO3)2 hybrid fiber

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

XRD patterns of various fiber samples: (a) PVP/Pr(NO3)3/Cu(NO3)2 hybrid fiber; (b) calcination at 450 °C for 5 hrs; and (c) calcination at 900 °C for 5 hrs

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Impedance diagrams of PCO submicrofiber cathode at 700 °C under various oxygen partial pressures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

The Nyquist plot of PCO powder and submicrofiber cathodes that measured at 700 °C in air; (inlet) Arrhenius plots of the polarization resistances of PCO powder and submicrofiber electrodes in air. The electrolyte contribution has been subtracted from the impedance.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

SEM images of: (a) PVP/PCO hybrid fibers; (b) fibers calcined at 900 °C; (c) the surface; and (d) the cross section image of the PCO submicrofiber cathode supported on CGO electrolyte after sintering at 900 °C for 2 hrs

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

The FT-IR spectra of: (a) PVP; (b) Pr(NO3)3/Cu(NO3)2/PVP hybrid fibers; and (c) submicro fibers after calcined at 900 °C for 5 hrs

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Experimental (circles) and calculated (continuous line) XRD patterns (and their difference, dash line at the bottom) for Pr2CuO4 fiber. Vertical bars indicate the positions of the Bragg peaks of the phases contained in the sample.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

(a) Polarization curves of PCO submicrofiber cathode measured at different temperatures in air. (b) Tafel curves of PCO powder and submicrofiber cathodes at 700 °C.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Oxygen partial pressure dependence of ASR at 600–700 °C

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

I–V curves and corresponding power density curves of the electrolyte-supported cell NiO–CGO|CGO|PCO from 600 to 800 °C

Tables

Errata

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In