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Review Article

Measurement of Multiscale Thermal Transport Phenomena in Li-Ion Cells: A Review

[+] Author and Article Information
Krishna Shah, Vivek Vishwakarma

Mechanical and Aerospace
Engineering Department,
University of Texas at Arlington,
Arlington, TX 76019

Ankur Jain

Mechanical and Aerospace
Engineering Department,
University of Texas at Arlington,
500 West First Street, Rm 211,
Arlington, TX 76019
e-mail: jaina@uta.edu

1K. Shah and V. Vishwakarma contributed equally.

2Corresponding author.

Manuscript received May 15, 2016; final manuscript received July 17, 2016; published online October 20, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Partha Mukherjee.

J. Electrochem. En. Conv. Stor. 13(3), 030801 (Oct 20, 2016) (13 pages) Paper No: JEECS-16-1065; doi: 10.1115/1.4034413 History: Received May 15, 2016; Revised July 17, 2016

The performance, safety, and reliability of electrochemical energy storage and conversion systems based on Li-ion cells depend critically on the nature of heat transfer in Li-ion cells, which occurs over multiple length scales, ranging from thin material layers all the way to large battery packs. Thermal phenomena in Li-ion cells are also closely coupled with other transport phenomena such as ionic and charge transport, making this a challenging, multidisciplinary problem. This review paper presents a critical analysis of recent research literature related to experimental measurement of multiscale thermal transport in Li-ion cells. Recent research on several topics related to thermal transport is summarized, including temperature and thermal property measurements, heat generation measurements, thermal management, and thermal runaway measurements on Li-ion materials, cells, and battery packs. Key measurement techniques and challenges in each of these fields are discussed. Critical directions for future research in these fields are identified.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic showing three significant categories of physical processes and the nature of their interactions in a Li-ion cell

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Schematic showing the multiscale nature of Li-ion based electrochemical energy storage and conversion

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Schematic of key thermal resistances in a Li-ion cell, and the breakdown of key material-level contributions. (Reproduced with permission from Vishwakarma et al. [55]. Copyright 2015 by Elsevier Publishing Company.)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Schematic of various thermal management strategies adopted for the cooling of Li-ion cells

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