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Research Papers

Influence of Roasting Temperature on Electrochemical Performance of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 Cathode for Lithium-Ion Battery

[+] Author and Article Information
Lei Niu

School of Materials Science and Engineering;
State Key Laboratory of Advanced Processing
and Recycling of Nonferrous Metals,
Lanzhou University of Technology,
Lanzhou 730050, China

Shan Geng, Hongliang Li, Songli Du

College of Petrochemical Technology,
Lanzhou University of Technology,
Lanzhou 730050, China

Xiaoling Cui

School of Materials Science and Engineering;
State Key Laboratory of Advanced Processing
and Recycling of Nonferrous Metals;
College of Petrochemical Technology,
Lanzhou University of Technology,
Lanzhou 730050, China

Shiyou Li

College of Petrochemical Technology,
Lanzhou University of Technology,
Lanzhou 730050, China
e-mail: sylilw@163.com

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received July 2, 2017; final manuscript received September 14, 2017; published online March 15, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Kevin Huang.

J. Electrochem. En. Conv. Stor. 15(2), 021007 (Mar 15, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: JEECS-17-1083; doi: 10.1115/1.4038799 History: Received July 02, 2017; Revised September 14, 2017

Nanomicro spheres of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 materials are prepared by carbonate coprecipitation method. The effect of calcination temperatures on morphology and electrochemical property is explored. Results show that the structure of the material becomes more compact with the increase of the temperature, which is propitious to the improvement of electrical conductivity and activation level of the material. The charge–discharge tests show that the sample obtained at 850 °C (LNMO850) exhibits optimal rate capability and cyclic stability, due to the fact that LNMO850 has a high diffusion coefficient, which is propitious to the improvement of electrical conductivity and activation level of the material.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic formation process of the LNMO650, LNMO750, and LNMO850, respectively

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Fig. 2

The X-ray diffraction patterns of LNMO650, LNMO750, and LNMO850

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Fig. 3

The SEM images of LNMO650 ((a) ×35,000 and (b) ×20,000), LNMO750 ((c) ×35,000 and (d) ×20,000), and LNMO850 ((e) ×35,000 and (f) ×20,000)

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Fig. 4

The first charge and discharge bights at 0.2 C at room temperature

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Fig. 5

Cycle performances (a) and mean voltages (b) of LNMO650/Li, LNMO750/Li and LNMO850/Li cells with 0.2 C of discharge rate at room temperature

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Fig. 6

The cycle of the capacity curves at a series of rates from 0.2 C to 3 C

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Fig. 7

The EIS of three samples (a); (b), (d), and (f) reveals linear relationship of |Z′| versus ω−1/2 for LNMO850, LNMO750, and LNMO650, respectively. (c), (e), and (g) are coulomb titration curves for three samples.

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Fig. 8

Cyclic voltammograms of the (a) LNMO850, (b) LNMO750, and (c) LNMO650 at different scan rates, and (d) the plotting of peak current (around 4.1 V) versus square root of the scan rate for different samples

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