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Research Papers

The Efficiency of Dodecafluoro-2-Methylpentan-3-One on Suppressing the Lithium Ion Battery Fire

[+] Author and Article Information
Qingsong Wang

State Key Laboratory of Fire Science,
University of Science and Technology of China,
Hefei 230026, China;
Collaborative Innovation Center for
Urban Public Safety,
Hefei 230026, Anhui, China
e-mail: pinew@ustc.edu.cn

Ke Li

China Electric Power Research Institute,
Haidian District,
Beijing 100192, China
e-mail: like@epri.sgcc.com.cn

Yu Wang

School of Engineering,
BRE Centre for Fire Safety Engineering,
University of Edinburgh,
Edinburgh EH9 3JL, UK
e-mail: ywang232@foxmail.com

Haodong Chen

State Key Laboratory of Fire Science,
University of Science and Technology of China,
Hefei 230026, China
e-mail: linghao@ustc.edu.cn

Qiangling Duan

State Key Laboratory of Fire Science,
University of Science and Technology of China,
Hefei 230026, China
e-mail: duanql@ustc.edu.cn

Jinhua Sun

State Key Laboratory of Fire Science,
University of Science and Technology of China,
Hefei 230026, China
e-mail: sunjh@ustc.edu.cn

1Corresponding authors.

Manuscript received October 9, 2017; final manuscript received January 19, 2018; published online April 11, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Partha P. Mukherjee.

J. Electrochem. En. Conv. Stor. 15(4), 041001 (Apr 11, 2018) (10 pages) Paper No: JEECS-17-1116; doi: 10.1115/1.4039418 History: Received October 09, 2017; Revised January 19, 2018

To investigate the efficiency of dodecafluoro-2-methylpentan-3-one (C6F-ketone) extinguishing agent on suppressing the lithium titanate battery fire, an experimental system was devised to implement suppression test. One 5 kW electric heater was placed at the bottom of the battery to cause the thermal runaway. The extinguishing agents of CO2 and C6F-ketone with different pressures were performed to suppress lithium ion battery (LIB) fire. The temperatures of the battery and the flame, the ignition time, the release time of the agent, the release pressure of the agent, the time to extinguish the fire, the battery mass loss, and the mass of used agent were obtained and compared in different aspects. The experimental results reveal that the lithium titanate battery fire can be suppressed by C6F-ketone within 30 s; the results further show that CO2 is incapable of fully extinguishing the flame over the full duration of the test carried out. Therefore, C6F-ketone extinguishing agent is a good candidate to put down the LIB fire.

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Figures

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Fig. 7

The LTO battery fire extinguishing process using C6F-ketone in case 3: (a) 1079 s after oven heated the battery, the dropped electrolyte was ignited, (b) 2 s after ignition, (c) the agent was applied at 3 s after ignition, and (d) 23 s after applied the agent the fire was put out

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Fig. 6

The LTO battery fire extinguishing process using C6F-ketone in case 2: (a) the dropped electrolyte was ignited, (b) 2 s after ignition, (c) the agent was applied at 4 s after ignition, and (d) 15 s after applied the agent the fire was put out

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Fig. 5

The LTO battery fire extinguishing process using carbon dioxide in case 1: (a) the jet fire was formed, (b) carbon dioxide was applied, (c) after 22 s carbon dioxide was applied, (d) after 76 s the flame decreased, (e) after 110 s, and (f) the agent decreased and fire recovered (164 s)

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Fig. 4

The safety vent near the collector column

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Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of simulation model: (a) spatial distribution of elements and (b) the mesh

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Fig. 2

The location of the battery and thermocouples in the experiment

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Fig. 1

The experimental apparatus, in which 1 is battery cupboard, 2 is heat source, 3 is battery supporter, 4 is sidewall window, 5 is upper ventilation hole, 6 is partition, 7 is hinged door, 8 is foot screw, 9 is wheel, 10 is vertical fire extinguishing agent release pipe, 11 is fire alarms, 12 is nozzle, 13 is exhaust fume collecting hood, 14 is explosion-proof fan, 15 is fire extinguishing agent storage tank, 16 is flow control valve, 17 is pressure gauge, 18 is high-pressure pipeline, and 19 is camera

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Fig. 8

The experimental setup of case 4: (a) front view of the battery box and (b) Side view of the battery box

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Fig. 9

The LTO battery fire extinguishing process using C6F-ketone in case 4: (a) 859 s after oven heated the battery, the dropped electrolyte was ignited, (b) 2 s after ignition, both cathode and anode caught on fire, (c) the agent was applied at 3 s after ignition, and (d) the fire was under control, 24 s after ignition the fire was put out

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Fig. 10

Reaction pathways of C6F-ketone decomposition

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Fig. 16

Surface temperature and average temperature of the battery cooled by agent for computational models with the heat source of 500 W

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Fig. 11

Temperatures of cell and air around before and after applying CO2 agent in case 1

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Fig. 12

Temperatures of cell and air around before and after applying extinguish agent of experiment case 2

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Fig. 13

Temperatures of cell and air around before and after applying extinguish agent of experiment case 3

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Fig. 14

Temperatures of cell and air around before and after applying extinguish agent of experiment case 4

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Fig. 15

Temperatures of cell and air around before and after in 600 s applying extinguish agent of the experiment from case 1 to case 4: (a) the maximum temperature of the battery cell from case 1 to case 4 and (b) the temperature of air around in case 1 and case 2

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