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Research Papers

Performance Analysis of Li-ion Battery Under Various Thermal and Load Conditions

[+] Author and Article Information
Krishnashis Chatterjee, Pradip Majumdar

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Northern Illinois University,
Dekalb, IL 60115

David Schroeder, S. Rao Kilaparti

Department of Technology,
Northern Illinois University,
Dekalb, IL 60115

1Present address: Department of Biomedical Engineering and Mechanics, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24060.

Manuscript received July 11, 2018; final manuscript received November 7, 2018; published online December 6, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Partha P. Mukherjee.

J. Electrochem. En. Conv. Stor. 16(2), 021006 (Dec 06, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: JEECS-18-1069; doi: 10.1115/1.4041983 History: Received July 11, 2018; Revised November 07, 2018

In the recent years, with the rapid advancements made in the technologies of electric and hybrid electric vehicles, selecting suitable batteries has become a major factor. Among the batteries currently used for these types of vehicles, the lithium-ion battery leads the race. Apart from that, the energy gained from regenerative braking in locomotives and vehicles can be stored in batteries for later use for propulsion thus improving the fuel consumption and efficiency. But batteries can be subjected to a wide range of temperatures depending upon the operating conditions. Thus, a thorough knowledge of the battery performance over a wide range of temperatures and different load conditions is necessary for their successful employment in future technologies. In this context, this study aims to experimentally analyze the performance of Li-ion batteries by monitoring the charge–discharge rates, efficiencies, and energy storage capabilities under different environmental and load conditions. Sensors and thermal imaging camera were used to track the environment and battery temperatures, whereas the charge–discharge characteristics were analyzed using CADEX analyzer. The results show that the battery performance is inversely proportional to charge–discharge rates. This is because, at higher charge–discharge rates, the polarization losses increase thus increasing internal heat generation and battery temperature. Also, based on the efficiency and energy storage ability, the optimum performing conditions of the Li-ion battery are 30–40 °C (temperature) and 0.5 C (C-rate).

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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

(a) Battery schematic showing thermocouple positions on the surface and (b) photograph of the prismatic Li-ion battery used for this study

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Fig. 2

(a) Schematic of the experimental setup and (b) photograph of the experimental setup

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Fig. 3

Battery performances during charge at 1 C-rate at different temperatures

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Fig. 4

Battery performances during discharge at 1 C-rate at different temperatures

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Fig. 5

Battery performances during charge at 31 °C at different C-rates

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Fig. 6

Battery performances during discharge at 31 °C at different C-rates

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Fig. 7

Variation of battery efficiency with temperature at 1 C-rate

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Fig. 8

Variation of battery efficiency with C-rate at 31 °C

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Fig. 9

Variation of energy storage ability with temperature at 1 C-rate

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Fig. 10

Variation of energy storage ability with C-rates at 50 °C

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Fig. 11

Typical infrared image of battery

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Fig. 12

Variation of temperature along three lines on the surface of the battery

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Fig. 13

Variation of battery surface temperature with time for different ambient temperatures

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Fig. 14

Variation of battery surface temperature with time for different C-rates

Tables

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