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Research Papers

Techno-Economic Analysis and Feasibility Study of a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell-Battery Hybrid System for Water Taxi Application

[+] Author and Article Information
Datong Song

Energy, Ming and Environment Research Centre,
National Research Council of Canada,
4250 Wesbrook Mall,
Vancouver, BC V6T 1W5, Canada,
e-mail: datong.song@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca

Xinge Zhang, Roberto Neagu, Wei Qu

Energy, Ming and Environment Research Centre,
National Research Council of Canada,
4250 Wesbrook Mall,
Vancouver, BC V6T 1W5, Canada

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received March 14, 2018; final manuscript received November 16, 2018; published online January 18, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Vittorio Verda.

J. Electrochem. En. Conv. Stor. 16(2), 021010 (Jan 18, 2019) (13 pages) Paper No: JEECS-18-1027; doi: 10.1115/1.4042092 History: Received March 14, 2018; Revised November 16, 2018

A hybrid power system consisting of an intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) and a lithium-ion battery is conceptually designed for water taxi applications. The sizing method of such a hybrid system is developed based on the resistance, acceleration performance, cruising cycle, and the speeds of a water taxi under the conditions of daily operation time and charge neutrality over a 24 h period. A techno-economic analysis (TEA) is performed for the proposed hybrid system and compared with other two power sources, a typical internal combustion engine (ICE), and a battery-only system. A feasibility study based on the weight and the volume of the hybrid system is conducted. The potential reduction of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions is calculated and compared with the GHG emissions from water taxies powered by an ICE and a battery-only, respectively.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic of the proposed SOFC-battery hybrid system

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Fig. 2

SOFC power and battery energy requirements versus the averaged brake power with an 8 h operation time per day and over a 24 h period of charge neutrality

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Fig. 3

SOFC power and battery energy requirements versus operation time per day over a 24 h period of charge neutrality

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Fig. 4

(a) SOFC power and (b) battery energy requirements change with operation time per day and average brake power for charge neutrality over 24 h period

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Fig. 5

Comparison of the predicted costs of the hybrid, battery-only, and ICE systems for the water taxi application with an 8 h operation time per day. (a) Current prices: SOFC $10,000/kWh and battery $350/kWh. (b) Future prices: SOFC $200/kWh and battery $150/kWh.

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Fig. 6

Payback time versus operation time per day: (a) under current SOFC and battery prices and (b) under future prices

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Fig. 7

Hybrid system weight (a) and volume (b) change with operation time per day and average brake power for charge neutrality over a 24 h period

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Fig. 8

weight and volume comparisons for the hybrid and the ICE systems, as functions of operation time per day (fuel tank is excluded) for charge neutrality over a 24 h period

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