Technology Reviews

State of the Art: Hydrogen storage

[+] Author and Article Information
I. Cumalioglu, A. Ertas, Y. Ma, T. Maxwell

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409

J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol 5(3), 034001 (May 22, 2008) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2894462 History: Received December 30, 2005; Revised March 13, 2007; Published May 22, 2008

Hydrogen is often considered to be the ultimate energy source for vehicles. However, if hydrogen is to fuel practical vehicles, then the development of fuel cell and hydrogen fueled engine technology must be accompanied by significant improvements in hydrogen storage techniques. Compressed hydrogen storage tanks, liquid hydrogen storage tanks, and containment systems for hydrides are examined to compare their advantages, disadvantages, and potential for onboard and stationary hydrogen storage systems. Each technique reviewed possesses specific shortcomings; thus, none can adequately satisfy the requirements of a hydrogen based economy.

Copyright © 2008 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figure 1

Hydrogen losses versus daily driving distance relation (5)

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Figure 2

Schematic of a metal hydride (39)

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Figure 3

Pressure-composition-temperature isotherms (4)

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Figure 4

Reagent and product amounts (51)

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Figure 5

Van’t Hoff plots (27)



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