Review Article

A Review on Graphical Methods for Modeling a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

[+] Author and Article Information
Mathieu Bressel

Avenue Paul Langevin,
Villeneuve d ́Ascq 59655, France
e-mail: Mathieu.Bressel@polytech-lille.fr

Belkacem Ould Bouamama

Avenue Paul Langevin,
Villeneuve d ́Ascq 59655, France
e-mail: Belkacem.Ouldbouamama@polytech-lille.fr

Daniel Hissel

Rue Thierry Mieg,
Belfort 90000, France
e-mail: Daniel.Hissel@univ-fcomte.fr

Mickael Hilairet

Rue Thierry Mieg,
Belfort 90000, France
e-mail: Mickael.Hilairet@univ-fcomte.fr

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FUEL CELL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received September 17, 2014; final manuscript received November 30, 2015; published online January 20, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Rak-Hyun Song.

J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol 12(6), 060801 (Jan 20, 2016) (19 pages) Paper No: FC-14-1108; doi: 10.1115/1.4032336 History: Received September 17, 2014; Revised November 30, 2015

Fuel cell systems represent a promising alternative energy converter. In the past years, researches have been conducted for their modeling, control, and diagnosis. The model should accurately reproduce the behavior without being too complex. Due to the highly multiphysical interactions and coupling within the fuel cell, using a graphical representation for developing this model seems well suited. This paper presents a review of recent literature on graphical representation of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). Three main graphical representations are discussed: bond graph (BG), EMR, and equivalent electrical circuit. Their fields of application will be shown as well.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
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Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

BG representation (a) and causality (b)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Static and dynamic processors and their associated control [23]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

A source of effort (battery) in EMR

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Principle of operation of a PEM

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

BG of a PEMFC stack [31]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

BG of the hydraulic part of a PEMFC [32]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

BG of PEMFC with a discrete GDL [35]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

BG of PEMFC stack [36]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

BG model of the hydraulic phenomenon in an electrode [37]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

BG model of a PEMFC stack [41]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

BG model of a single cell [42]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Dynamic model of a PEMFC in COG formalism [43]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

EMR of a PEMFC and its associated air supply [44]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 17

EMR of a PEMFC and its auxiliaries [45]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 18

EMR of a hybrid electric vehicle [46]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 19

EEC of a PEMFC and its EMR equivalent [49]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 21

Large signal EEC of a PEMFC [51]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 22

EEC of a PEMFC: (a) fuel and (b) air humidifiers circuit [52]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 23

Large signal EEC model of a PEMFC [53]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 24

pspice scheme of a PEMFC [54]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 25

EEC of the pneumatics and fluidics phenomenon in a PEMFC [55]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 27

EEC of a PEMFC for CO poisoning diagnosis purpose [57]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 28

EEC of a PEMFC for fault diagnosis purpose [27]



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