Research Papers

Study on Prelithiation Technology of Hard Carbon Electrode Using Stable Metal Lithium Powder

[+] Author and Article Information
Yan-Xian Sun, Zhen-Bo Wang

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,
Harbin Institute of Technology,
Harbin 150001, China

Hong-Min Guan

Zhejiang Cactus Science and
Technology Co., Ltd.,
Changxing 313100, China

Zhao-Hua Jiang

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,
Harbin Institute of Technology,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: jiangzhaohua@hit.edu.cn

1Corresponding authors.

Manuscript received July 25, 2018; final manuscript received September 25, 2018; published online December 6, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Kevin Huang.

J. Electrochem. En. Conv. Stor. 16(2), 021007 (Dec 06, 2018) (3 pages) Paper No: JEECS-18-1074; doi: 10.1115/1.4041980 History: Received July 25, 2018; Revised September 25, 2018

The prelithiation of hard carbon electrode using stable metal lithium powder to compensate the lithium loss during the first lithium insertion is studied in this work. The results show that when the pressure on lithium powder surface is 6 MPa, the Li2CO3 protective layer on the surface of stable metal lithium powder is completely squeezed, which is conducive due to the full contact between the metal lithium and the hard carbon. The prelithiation of hard carbon has little effect on the initial charge capacity and cycle life. Both the pre-lithium capacity and the utilization efficiency of lithium powder increase with the increasing of the lithium powder content, and when the amount of lithium powder is 3 g m−2, the utilization efficiency of lithium powder is 56%.

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Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Effect of different pressures on the micromorphology of lithium powder (Magnification 100×, lithium powder 2 g m−2): (a) 0 MPa (lithium powder particles), (b) 2 MPa, (c) 4 MPa, (d) 6 MPa, and (e) the micromorphology of hard carbon electrode after roll pressing

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Influence of different pressures on the open circuit voltage of hard carbon electrode (lithium powder 2 g m−2)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Initial discharge and charge curve of hard carbon electrode with different lithium content

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Influence of pre-lithium on electrical properties



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