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Research Papers

Experimental Investigation on the Feasibility of Heat Pipe-Based Thermal Management System to Prevent Thermal Runaway Propagation

[+] Author and Article Information
Shuoqi Wang

State Key Laboratory of
Automotive Safety and Energy,
Tsinghua University,
Beijing 100084, China
e-mail: wang-sq2013@qq.com

Languang Lu

State Key Laboratory of
Automotive Safety and Energy,
Tsinghua University,
Beijing 100084, China
e-mail: lulg@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

Dongsheng Ren

State Key Laboratory of
Automotive Safety and Energy,
Tsinghua University,
Beijing 100084, China
e-mail: rendsthu10@163.com

Xuning Feng

Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology;
State Key Laboratory of
Automotive Safety and Energy,
Tsinghua University,
Beijing 100084, China
e-mail: fxn17@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

Shang Gao

State Key Laboratory of
Automotive Safety and Energy,
Tsinghua University,
Beijing 100084, China
e-mail: 2682807957@qq.com

Minggao Ouyang

State Key Laboratory of
Automotive Safety and Energy,
Tsinghua University,
Beijing 100084, China
e-mail: ouymg@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received October 16, 2018; final manuscript received January 12, 2019; published online February 19, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Ankur Jain.

J. Electrochem. En. Conv. Stor. 16(3), 031006 (Feb 19, 2019) (10 pages) Paper No: JEECS-18-1112; doi: 10.1115/1.4042555 History: Received October 16, 2018; Revised January 12, 2019

Thermal management system (TMS) plays an essential part in improving the safety and durability of the battery pack. Prior studies mainly focused on controlling the maximum temperature and temperature difference of the battery pack. Little attention has been paid to the influence of the TMS on thermal runaway (TR) prevention of battery packs. In this paper, a heat pipe-based thermal management system (HPTMS) is designed and investigated to illustrate both the capabilities of temperature controlling and TR propagation preventing. Good thermal performance could be achieved under discharge and charge cycles of both 2 C rate and 3 C rate while the equivalent heat dissipation coefficient of the HPTMS is calculated above 70 W/(m2·K). In the TR propagation test triggered by overcharge, the surface temperature of the battery adjacent to the overcharged cell can be controlled below 215 °C, the onset temperature of TR obtained by the adiabatic TR test of a single cell. Therefore, TR propagation is prevented due to the high heat dissipation of the HPTMS. To conclude, the proposed HPTMS is an effective solution for the battery pack to maintain the operating temperature and improve the safety level under abuse conditions.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

(a) The illustration of the EV-ARC made by the thermal hazard technology and (b) the position of the thermocouple for adiabatic thermal runaway test

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Fig. 2

Schematic of the experimental setup of the heat pipe module

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Fig. 3

Schematic of the design of heat pipe-based thermal management: (a) HPTMS, (b) photo of HPTMS, and (c) battery-heat pipe module

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Fig. 4

The position of thermocouples in battery module experiment

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Fig. 5

Adiabatic thermal runaway test result of the pouch cell: (a) Tt curve of ARC test and (b) dTT curve of ARC test

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Fig. 6

Max temperature variations of heat pipe (HP) module under different heating power and flow rates

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Fig. 7

Max temperature difference variations of HP module under different heating power and flow rates

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Fig. 8

Max temperature variations of HP module under different coolant temperature

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Fig. 9

Temperature variation under four 2 C discharge and charge cycles: (a) max temperature variation without HPTMS, (b) MTD variation without HPTMS, (c) max temperature variation with HPTMS, and (d) MTD variation with HPTMS

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Fig. 10

Temperature variation under four 3 C discharge and charge cycles: (a) max temperature variation without HPTMS, (b) MTD variation without HPTMS, (c) max temperature variation with HPTMS, and (d) MTD variation with HPTMS

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Fig. 11

Experimental results of the overcharge-to-TR test of battery module

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