The Japanese ceramic gas turbine (CGT) research and development program (FY1988-1998) as a part of the New Sunshine Project funded by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) was completed in March 1999. Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. (KHI) participated in this research program from the beginning and developed a twin-shaft CGT with a recuperator, designated as the “CGT302.” The purposes of this program were (1) to achieve both a high efficiency and low pollutant emissions level using ceramic components, (2) to prove a multifuel capability to be used in cogeneration systems, and (3) to demonstrate long-term operation. The targets of this program were (i) to achieve a thermal efficiency of over 42 percent at a turbine inlet temperature (TIT) of 1350°C, (ii) to keep its emissions within the regulated value by the law, and (iii) to demonstrate continuous operation for more than a thousand hours at 1200°C TIT. The CGT302 has successfully attained its targets. In March 1999 the CGT302 recorded 42.1 percent thermal efficiency, and 31.7 ppm NOx emissions (O2=16 percent) at 1350°C TIT. At this time it had also accumulated over 2000 hours operation at 1200°C. In this paper, we summarize the development of the CGT302.

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